The LETSI SCORM 2.0 White Papers

In 2008, Learning Education Training Systems Interoperability (LETSI) solicited white papers from stakeholders that were interested in contributing to “SCORM 2.0”. The result was a rather large collection of documents that have been important to the e-learning industry and had a large part in shaping the Experience API.

LETSI’s website is no longer operational, so the archive of these documents isn’t available there anymore. The white papers are crammed with thoughts that are important to our industry, so we decided to host the archive here and make them available to you. Enjoy!


  1. SCORM 2.0: Grab the Low Hanging Fruitby Len Murphy, Property Loss Research Bureau

  2. HLA-SCORM Integrationby Peter Berking, ADL

  3. Team-Based Learningby Tom Archibald and Peter Berking, ADL

  4. Domain Enhanced Sequencing and Scenario Generationby Bukai, Haynes, Wason, and Pokorny – Intelligent Automation, Inc.

  5. Didactic architectures and organization models: a process of mutual adaptationby Laura Gonella & Eleonora Pantò, CSP

  6. Course Objects and an Architecture for Servicesby Tom Wason, Intelligent Automation, Inc.

  7. SCORM: The Baby and the Bathwaterby Mike Rustici, Rustici Software

  8. Reuse and Sequencing: Do we still want them?by Mike Rustici, Rustici Software

  9. Learning in the Mainstreamby Allyn Radford, Learnilities

  10. Enhanced Tracking and Shared Databy John Campbell & Don Holmes,

  11. Content Aggregation Issuesby John Campbell & Don Holmes,

  12. SCORM RTE Web Services Interfaceby Virginia Travers, BBN

  13. PerformanceSCORMby Wayne Gafford & Bill Blackmon, ADL

  14. Lifecycle Management of Learning Objectivesby Aplanalp, Ferrall, Garrison, Graf, Haag, and Rippeon

  15. Sensible Sequencingby Mike Rustici, Rustici Software

  16. Simplifying SCORM While Keeping it Feature Richby Chen, Thomas, McNeil, Rahmani – Medical Simulation Corp.

  17. Enable Richer Content Interactions with OLSA On-demand Communicationby Shota Aki, SkillSoft

  18. Automate E-learning Asset Management with OLSA Asset Integrationby Shota Aki, SkillSoft

  19. User Interface Interoperabilityby Jason Haag, CSC

  20. SCORM 2.0: SCO-based Sequencingby Leo Lucas, e-Learning Consulting

  21. Track without launchingby John Kleeman, Eric Shepherd, Paul Roberts – Questionmark

  22. Redefining reusable educational activitiesby Rachel Ellaway, N. Ontario School of Medicine

  23. Object Oriented Architecture for Extensible Learner-Adaptive Environmentby Kiyoshi Nakabayashi, Yousuke Morimotoa, and Yoshiaki Hadaa

  24. Stealth Assessment in Virtual Worldsby Valerie J. Shute and J. Michael Spector, Florida State Univ.

  25. SCORM Is Insecure: Secure It Before Adding FeaturesbyTom King, Mobilemind

  26. Content Aggregation Model and Recursive Manifestby Vladimir Goodkovsky, University of Virginia

  27. Role-Based Sequencing in a SCORM Environmentby Alan Holtz, Northrop Grumman

  28. How can we ensure sustainability of SCORM 2.0?by Christian Stracke, University of Duisburg-Essen

  29. Content Authoring Standards and Servicesby Aaron Silvers, Grainger

  30. Engagement, Collaboration and Communityby Aaron Silvers, Grainger

  31. Reusabilityby Charles Brewer, Logistic Services International

  32. Objectives in Metadata and HTMLby Tracey Williams and Fred Banks, Boeing

  33. Embed Metadata in Objectsby Fred Banks, Boeing

  34. ADL Sequencing Switchby Fred Banks, Boeing

  35. Shared Data by Fred Banks, Boeing

  36. SCORM 2004 4th Edition Thoughtsby Robby Robson, Eduworks

  37. Competency Portabilityby Robby Robson, Eduworks

  38. Aligning Instructional Design and Technical Standardsby Damon Regan and Robby Robson, Eduworks

  39. Fluid Content Aggregationby Lang Holloman, CSC

  40. Inclusion of the Sharable State Persistence Modelby Jesse Hostetler, Leen-Kiat Soh, and Ashok Samal – U. Nebraska

  41. Motivation for a Direct Access Tunnelby L. D. Miller, Leen-Kiat Soh, Sarah Riley, and Ashok Samal – U. Nebraska

  42. On the Importance of Metadata and Learner Interaction Databy Sarah Riley, Leen-Kiat Soh, and Ashok Samal – U. Nebraska

  43. SCORM 2.0 – The Next Generationby Ray Shinol, David Bolt, and Tammi Pierce – US Army

  44. Standardization’s all very well, but what about the Exabytes?by Felix Mödritscher and Victor Manuel García-Barrios, Austria

  45. Break it up, make it easier, and encourage accessibilityby Philip Hutchison, Pipwerks

  46. Defining Content for Interoperabilityby Jill Abbott and Vince Paredes, SIFA

  47. Interfacing simulators or their instructor consoles to LMSsby Brandt Dargue, Boeing

  48. Interfacing training content with simulations/simulatorsby Brandt Dargue, Boeing

  49. Response to LETSIby Jane Haag

  50. Avoid SCORM Profilesby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  51. Cross Domainby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  52. Cross Platform Test Suiteby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  53. Database Structureby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  54. Documentation Licenseby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  55. Interactions Objectives Exampleby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  56. LMS SCORM Libraryby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  57. Not Exportable Typeby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  58. Recommend SCORM APIby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  59. Sequencing Examplesby Yannick Warnier, Dokeos SPRL

  60. Enhancing the Role of Instructorsby Daniel Fowler, Intelligent Automation, Inc.

  61. SCORM 2.0 Assessment Frameworkby Dr. Fanney Klett, Fraunhofer IDMT

  62. 360 View of Assessment and Quality Managementby Dr. Fanny Klett, Helga Scholz

  63. How to Make SCORM’s Simple Sequencing Model Simple Againby Mark Ewer, Logistic Services International

  64. PENCasting – A standards-based approach to LMS/LCMS integrationby Ian Leader and Paul Nebel, LINE Communications

  65. Bookmarks and Linksby Ian Leader, LINE Communications

  66. Navigational SCOs – navigating a complex learning activityby Paul Brown, LINE Communications

  67. Additional content ad-hoc or SCO defined run-time data fieldsby Paul Coupe, LINE Communications

  68. Full text search – by the LMS, for SCOsby Ian Leader, LINE Communications

  69. Screen Classification Rubricby Peter Berking, ADL

  70. CLAM: A Collaborative Learning Activity Data Modelby Nina Pasini Deibler, Ellen Epstein , SI International

  71. Addition of SCORM Data Typeby Chuck Allen, HR XML

  72. Metadata: Describing Courseware to Support Discoveryby Dr. Larry (Scott) Anderson, The Boeing Company

  73. The Learner Performance Data Modelby Daniel Standage & Dr. Michael Bush, Brigham Young University

  74. Core SCORM Enhancementsby Gareth Farrington, Advanced Systems Technology

  75. Competence Portability: Manifest and Constructive Modelsby Vladimir Goodkovsky, University of Virginia

  76. SCORM, LETSI, and Learning from Instructionby Sigmund Tobias, Columbia University

  77. Simply SCORM by Dr. Goran P.A. Kattenberg, Outstart

  78. Advanced Distributed Learning, Intelligent Tutoring Systems and SCORM 2.0by Dr. J. Wesly Regian – CTC & Dr. Xiangen Hu – Workforce ADL Co-Lab

  79. AICC Position Paperby Cramer et al., AICC

  80. AICC Content Sequencingby Cramer et al., AICC

  81. Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) Requirements for SCORM 2.0by Elizabeth Biddle, The Boeing Company

  82. Supporting Teaching and Learning in SCORM 2.0by Jacqueline Haynes, Intelligent Automation, Inc.

  83. SC36 Core SCORM Study Group Final Reportby Tyde Richards, et al., ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36

  84. Proposed Web Service Initiatives for the eLearning Industryby Will Peratino, US Office of Personnel Management

  85. Learning in the Microcosmosby Martin Lindner, Research Studios Austria

(Note: we published all of the whitepapers we were able to archive, but a few are still missing. If you are the author of a missing whitepaper and still have it, please send it over.)